Copenhagen City Archives has now published archive material from the city’s poor houses and hospitals online. More than 250 years of history of the city’s sick, old and poor are now available through the archive.
The contents of the archive
The archive material extends over a period from 1686 until 1940.
The content of the sources is primarily about the person’s enrollment / admission and discharge, and why the person was enrolled at one of the city’s institutions. You will also be able to find information about:
- Place of birth
- Death Date
- Professional title if any
A separate protocol with lists of the assets of the admitted persons is also available among the archive material.
Many ways to care for the poor
Caring for the poor in Copenhagen took place either in poor houses, hospitals or through foundations. Some poor people lived in their own homes and received help from “The Poverty and Dependent Care”.
“THE WORD HOSPITAL IS DESCRIBED IN PREVIOUS TIMES AS A HOME FOR THE POOR, OLD, SICK AND DISABLED. MOST HOSPITALS WERE RELATED TO MONASTERIES AND CHURCHES. THE NAME ALLUDES TO THE HUMANITARIAN ASPECT MORE THAN TO THE MEDICAL FUNCTION. THIS WAS ALSO CONFIRMED BY THE REALITY OF THE OFFER UNTIL THE END OF THE 1800’s.
LATER THE SENSE OF THE WORD WAS TRANSFORMED INTO MENTAL HOSPITALS. IN THE CURRENT TIME IT IS USED FOR LARGE HOSPITALS OF ANY KIND.”– freely translated from Store Norske Leksikon (The Big Norwegian Encylopedia)
Here you will find the recently published archives about sick, old and poor in Copenhagen
Read also: Three different cases with references to where the information can be found about these people.
(Unfortunately the Google translation is not always up to standard! In the archive’s translation to English, the words “poor creature”, should have been replaced with The Poverty and Dependent Care)